本文摘自ANSYS FLUENT 16.0帮助文档
The following guidelines can help you make sure your CFD simulation is a success. Before logging a technical support request, make sure you do the following:
1. Examine the quality of the mesh in Fluent.
There are two basic things that you should do before you start a simulation:
Perform a mesh check to avoid problems due to incorrect mesh connectivity, and so on. In particular, you should be sure that the minimum reported cell volume is not negative.
Look at maximum cell skewness (for example, using the Compute button in the Contours dialog box after initializing the model). As a rule of thumb, the skewness should be below 0.98.You can also use the Report Quality function to calculate the minimum cell orthogonality.You can find more details about mesh quality considerations in Mesh Quality in the Fluent User's Guide.
If there are mesh problems, you may have to re-mesh the problem.
2. Scale the mesh and check length units.
In ANSYS Fluent, all physical dimensions are initially assumed to be in meters. You should scale the mesh accordingly. Other quantities can also be scaled independently of other units used. ANSYS Fluent defaults to SI units.
在ANSYS FLUENT中，所有的初始尺寸单位都被定义为"米"。用户应当根据模型的实际尺寸对网格进行相应的缩放处理。其他物理量也可独立的进行缩放。ANSYS FLUENT默认使用国际单位制。
3. Employ the appropriate physical models.
4. Set the energy under-relaxation factor between 0.95 and 1.
For problems with conjugate heat transfer, when the conductivity ratio is very high, smaller values of the energy under-relaxation factor practically stall the convergence rate.
5. Use node-based gradients with unstructured tetrahedral meshes.
The node-based averaging scheme is known to be more accurate than the default cell-based scheme for unstructured meshes, most notably for triangular and tetrahedral meshes.
6. Monitor convergence with residuals history.
Residual plots can show when the residual values have reached the specified tolerance. After the simulation, note if your residuals have decreased by at least 3 orders of magnitude to at least 1e-3.
For the pressure-based solver, the scaled energy residual must decrease to 1e-6. Also, the scaled species residual may need to decrease to 1e-5 to achieve species balance.
You can also monitor lift, drag, or moment forces as well as pertinent variables or functions (for example, surface integrals) at a boundary or any defined surface.
7. Run the CFD simulation using second order discretization for better accuracy rather than a faster solution.
A converged solution is not necessarily a correct one. You should use the second-order upwind discretization scheme for final results.
8. Monitor values of solution variables to make sure that any changes in the solution variables from one iteration to the next are negligible.
9. Verify that property conservation is satisfied.
After the simulation, note if overall property conservation has been achieved. In addition to monitoring residual and variable histories, you should also check for overall heat and mass balances. At a minimum, the net imbalance should be less than 1% of the smallest flux through the domain boundary.
10. Check for mesh dependence.
You should ensure that the solution is mesh-independent and use mesh adaption to modify the mesh or create additional meshes for the mesh-independence study.
11. Check to see that the solution makes sense based on engineering judgment.
If flow features do not seem reasonable, you should reconsider your physical models and boundary conditions. Reconsider the choice of the boundary locations (or the domain). An inadequate choice of domain (especially the outlet boundary) can significantly impact solution accuracy.
You are encouraged to collaborate with your technical support engineer in order to develop a solution process that ensures good results for your specific application. This type of collaboration is a good investment of time for both yourself and the ANSYS Fluent support engineer.